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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 210459   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Identity Theft Literature Review
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Graeme R. Newman ; Megan M. McNally
  Date Published: 01/2005
  Page Count: 114
  Annotation: This report presents a review of the available scientific literature and other sources pertaining to the problem of identity theft and its prevention.
  Abstract: In 1998, the Federal Identity and Assumption Deterrence Act defined identity theft, making it an easier crime to prosecute. Unfortunately, the definition provided by this Act offered little to researchers who illustrated how the problem of identity theft is comprised of a variety of disparate types of crimes committed in different venues and under different circumstances. Following the introduction in chapter 1, identity theft is defined in chapter 2 and distinguished from identity fraud. Chapter 3 discusses the types of identity theft crimes, which are identified as exploiting weakness within technologies and information systems, financial scams, and as crimes to avoid arrest. The extent and patterning of identity theft crimes are explored in chapter 4. The authors outline the geographic patterns and offense-specific patterns of identity theft in the United States and describe the victims, the offenders, and the relationships between them. Chapter 5 examines the various costs of identity theft, such as financial costs to businesses, individuals, and the criminal justice system. Chapter 6 reviews the research literature that attempts to explain the etiology of identity theft and how it is carried out; most perspectives focus on the role of opportunity in the commission of a theft of identity. Chapter 7 examines the law enforcement response to identity theft, focusing on how this crime is reported and recorded, recommendations for police responses, and cross jurisdictional challenges in the response to and prevention of identity theft. Chapter 8 analyzes State and Federal legislation aimed at combating identity theft and chapter 9 focuses on techniques to reduce identity theft. The final chapter offers conclusions and specific research recommendations that span the individual and organizational levels and include suggestions for examining offender behavior, vulnerable points in information systems, and agency risk factors. Tables, figures, footnotes, references, appendixes
  Main Term(s): Literature reviews ; Identity Theft
  Index Term(s): Legislation ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2005-TO-008
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Literature Review
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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