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NCJ Number: NCJ 211203   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Crimes Committed by Terrorist Groups: Theory, Research, and Prevention, Final Report
Author(s): Mark S. Hamm
Corporate Author: Indiana State University
Criminology Department
United States of America
Date Published: 06/2005
Page Count: 267
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2003-DT-CX-0002
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined terrorists' involvement in a variety of crimes as a means of funding terrorist activities in the face of the decline of state-funded terrorism.
Abstract: A secondary analysis of the American Terrorism Study (ATS) database compared the criminality of international jihad groups with domestic right-wing groups. Six case studies of crimes committed by international jihad groups and domestic right-wing groups were selected from the ATS based on frequency distributions of criminal counts filed against the groups. Trial transcripts, official reports, previous studies, and interviews with law enforcement officials and former terrorists were analyzed to identify opportunities and skills that contributed to successful crimes, as well as events and lack of skill that caused planned crimes to fail. This report of the research includes terrorist biographies and descriptions of their organizations, strategies, and terrorist plots. Factors related to the criminality of terrorist cells are identified in the domains of religion, charismatic leadership, intra-group conflict, terrorism's cultural codes and mythologies, as well as women's role in terrorist groups. The study also conducted a content analysis of the prevalent themes in the closing arguments recorded in trial transcripts. The variables examined included the characteristics of crimes committed by terrorist groups, criminal opportunities, criminal skills, and controls. Terrorists' crimes examined included motor vehicle violations, immigration fraud, manufacturing illegal firearms, counterfeiting, armed bank robbery, assassination, money laundering, and smuggling weapons of mass destruction. Attention is given to transnational organized crime. The crimes were analyzed through the perspectives of routine activity theory and social learning theory. One of the most significant findings were the attempts by domestic terrorists to forge alliances with international jihad groups. 9 tables and 96 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Auto related offenses ; Burglary ; Robbery ; Illicit firearms ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Criminal methods ; Explosives ; Counter-terrorism tactics ; Terrorist tactics ; Terrorist weapons ; NIJ final report
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=232469

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