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NCJ Number: NCJ 213030   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Investigative Uses of Technology: Devices, Tools, and Techniques
  Document URL: PDF 
Corporate Author: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
United States of America
Date Published: 10/2007
Page Count: 174
  Annotation: This report provides basic information to law enforcement and other criminal justice personnel who may have limited or no experience with technology-related crimes or with the tools and techniques available for investigating those crimes.
Abstract: The first chapter describes a variety of techniques and resources that may assist in investigations. The first few pages of the chapter discuss traditional investigative techniques as they relate to advanced technology. The remaining sections of the chapter review technologies that may affect the investigation. Topics addressed are investigative assistance, information gathering, digital evidence, electronic communications, telecommunications, video surveillance, consensual monitoring, and tracking. The second chapter provides general descriptions of the technology-related tools and devices that either may be encountered in an investigation or may assist in the identification and examination of electronic evidence. An overview of their function and usefulness is provided, and other special investigative considerations are discussed. Where applicable, the chapter describes how individuals use these devices to facilitate the commission of crimes. Among the tools and devices discussed are battery-operated devices, access-control devices, answering machines and voice mail systems (digital and analog), digital tools used to conduct examinations of audio formats, caller ID devices, cell phones, and computers (desktops and laptops). The third and final chapter begins with a review of fourth amendment principles, focusing on seizing and searching computers and other electronic devices. This is followed by a review of statues that, in some cases, provide more protection than the fourth amendment. Investigators, examiners, and prosecutors should be familiar with these requirements because their breach may result in evidentiary challenges or civil suits. 17 references and appended glossary, technical resources list, hacked devices, disclosure rules, and sample forms
Main Term(s): Technology transfer
Index Term(s): Science and Technology ; Computer related crime ; Investigative techniques ; Computer training ; Computer evidence ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2003-IJ-R-029
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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