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NCJ Number: NCJ 214854   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Unraveling the Neighborhood and School Effects on Youth Behavior
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): David S. Kirk
Date Published: 06/2006
Page Count: 296
  Annotation: This dissertation examined the separate and combined impacts of neighborhood and school social environments on the likelihood of delinquency, school dropout, and arrest.
Abstract: The study found that although certain neighborhood structural factors did influence school organization (for example, poverty and residential stability), the social organization of schools did not imitate the social organization of the neighborhoods from which students came. One implication of this finding is that to the extent that schools influence the behavior of students, the school effects are independent of neighborhood factors. A second implication is that to produce better schools, it is not sufficient to attract "better" neighbors and rid the neighborhood of undesirable ones. Findings imply that active participation by parents and residents in the daily activities and administration of schools benefits the social organization of these schools. The study also found that one of the best ways to control student delinquency was to foster the academic engagement of students. Dropping out of school was a significant predictor of future arrest. A number of family, peer, and individual characteristics (notably IQ) were significantly linked to dropping out of school. Also, having a previous arrest was associated with dropping out of school. Data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods and the U.S. Census provided information on neighborhood context. Data from the Consortium on Chicago School Research describes the social context of the Chicago public schools. Arrest data were obtained from the Illinois State Police and the Chicago Police Department. 17 figures, 33 tables, 192 references, and appended survey items
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Economic influences ; Social conditions ; Public schools ; School dropouts ; Juvenile arrest records ; School maladjustment ; Informal social control ; Informal support groups ; School influences on crime ; NIJ final report ; Illinois ; Neighborhood
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2004-IJ-CX-0012
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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