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NCJ Number: NCJ 218463     Find in a Library
Title: Chinese Transnational Organized Crime: The Fuk Ching
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): James O. Finckenauer Ph.D.
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 5
  Annotation: This paper provides an overview of the history, organization, and activities of the Fuk Ching gang, a Chinese transnational organized crime group based in New York City's Chinatown.
Abstract: The Fuk Ching emerged in New York City in the mid-1980s, founded by a group of young Chinese from China's Fujian Province. Many, if not all, of the founders had criminal records in China. Fuk Ching recruitment continues among Fujianese teens. Currently, the Fuk Ching is estimated to have approximately 35 members, with another 20 members in prison. Experts agree that the Fuk Ching, like other Chinese gangs, do not have the connections and sophistication necessary to corrupt U.S. police and judges. Although Fuk Ching has some ability to manipulate the political system through corruption in Fujian Province with respect to their human trafficking, there is no evidence that Fuk Ching has corrupted the political process in the United States. Police strategies for countering Fuk Ching include informants, undercover investigators, and electronic surveillance. Both the New York City police and the FBI encourage extortion victims to use hot lines to report their victimization. The Fuk Ching mainly operates extortion and protection rackets in defined neighborhoods in New York's Chinatown, with victims being mostly businesses. Its transnational criminal activities consist of the smuggling of migrants across national borders and human trafficking that includes coercion (kidnapping) and exploitation in the destination country. Fujian Province is the primary source area for Chinese smuggled and trafficked into the United States. Fuk Ching members are violent, but their violence is not strategically targeted toward the protection and expansion of their criminal enterprises. Members tend to engage in random street violence with guns. 3 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Extortion ; Smuggling/Trafficking ; Immigrants/Aliens ; Police policies and procedures ; Asian gangs ; New York ; Chinese ; Trafficking in Persons ; Transnational Organized Crime
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
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Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Type: Issue Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Downloaded May 16, 2007
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