skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 221706     Find in a Library
Title: Policing in Arab-American Communities After September 11
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Nicole J. Henderson ; Christopher W. Ortiz ; Naomi F. Sugie ; Joel Miller
Corporate Author: Vera Institute of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 07/2008
Page Count: 15
  Annotation: This study examined changes in policing practices in Arab-American neighborhoods after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 ("9/11").
Abstract: Surveys in 16 sites across the country where Arab-Americans were geographically concentrated found that many Arab-American respondents were troubled by increased government scrutiny of their communities following 9/11. Some reported they were more afraid of law enforcement agencies, particularly Federal agencies, than they were of being victims of hate crimes. They specifically mentioned fears about immigration enforcement, surveillance of their activities, and racial profiling. The study identified four obstacles to improved relations between police and Arab-American communities. One barrier is a persistent mutual mistrust; a second is police agencies' lack of knowledge about and sensitivity to the culture and religion of Arab-Americans. The two other barriers are language differences and Arab-American concerns about immigration status and deportation. The study--which included surveys of local law enforcement officers and FBI agents in local field offices at each site--also produced some recommendations for ways to improve relations between Arab-American communities and local law enforcement agencies/officers. Many of the recommendations reflect the priorities and practices of community policing. Recommendations include the creation of a police-community liaison position within local police departments, the recruitment of police officers from Arab-American communities, and the training of officers in the cultural and religious values of Arab-American communities. Such training should include guidance on how to deal with Arab-Americans' mistrust of law enforcement officers. For each site, researchers conducted telephone interviews with individuals from three groups: members of the Arab-American community, local law enforcement officers, and FBI agents in local field offices. Focus groups and in-person interviews were conducted at four sites. 4 notes
Main Term(s): Public Opinion of the Police
Index Term(s): Minorities ; Ethnic groups ; Cultural influences ; Police-minority relations ; Police human relations training ; Police community relations programs ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Profiling
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2003-IJ-CX-1020
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: NIJ Research for Practice
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.