skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 224523 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Research and Development in Forensic Toxicology Development and Production of Reference Materials for Control and Calibration of Hair Drug Testing, Final Report
Author(s): Jeri D. Ropero-Miller; Peter R. Stout
Corporate Author: RTI International
United States of America
Date Published: September 2008
Page Count: 80
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
RTI International
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
Grant Number: 2006-DN-BX-K012
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Given that hair testing for drugs of abuse needs matrix-matched control materials to help ensure the laboratory’s process and authenticity of its results, this project developed and produced four reference materials of hair fortified with controlled substances for use as controls and/or calibrators.
Abstract: The four reference materials are THCA (11-Nor-delta-9-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol [THC]-9carboxylic acid); morphine (MOR); cocaine (COC); and amphetamine (AMP), including methamphetamine (MAMP) and methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy). All analytes of interest were successfully incorporated into hair at or above targeted concentrations. Determined reference ranges for the THCA and MOR reference materials were comparable to the targeted fortification concentrations. The THCA reference range was 0.25 plus or minus 0.17 pg/mg, and the individual laboratory average percentage coefficient of variation (CV) was 23 percent Intra-laboratory percentage CVs ranged from 12.0 percent to 12.7 percent. MORs range was 627 plus or minus 320 pg/mg, and its intra-laboratory and inter-laboratory percentage CVs were 8.7 to 13.8 percent and 23.8 percent, respectively. Amphetamine analytes were similar, but all were twice the targeted concentration of 750 pg/mg. The higher-than-expected amphetamine concentration is not unusual, based on previous experience with hair fortification studies, in which amphetamines tended to be sensitive to variations in hair structure. The current study found that unspecified characteristics of the donor hair were responsible for the increased AMPs. Statistical evaluations were determined on 98 THCA measurements, 102 MOR measurements, 98 COC measurements, and 89 AMP measurements. Eighty control samples were submitted to the reference laboratory as randomized samples for analysis, and the laboratory was unaware that it was receiving positive and negative controls. Controls were analyzed at an 18-percent frequency rate in comparison to other samples within the study. All controls were correctly identified as positive or negative. Extensive tables and 39 references
Main Term(s): Drug detection
Index Term(s): Drug testing; Forensic sciences; Hair and fiber analysis; Investigative techniques; NIJ final report
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.