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NCJ Number: 224808 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Community Collaboratives Addressing Youth Gangs: Interim Findings From the Gang Reduction Program
Author(s): Meagan Cahill Ph.D.; Mark Coggeshall; David Hayeslip Ph.D.; Ashley Wolff; Erica Lagerson; Michelle Scott; Elizabeth Davies; Kevin Roland; Scott Decker Ph.D.
Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
Date Published: May 2008
Page Count: 553
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
The Urban Institute
Washington, DC 20037
Grant Number: 2007-JV-FX-0003
Sale Source: The Urban Institute
2100 M Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20037
United States of America
Document: PDF|PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the interim findings of the implementation and outcome evaluation of the Gang Reduction Program (GRP), a $10 million, multiyear initiative sponsored by the Federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) for the purpose of reducing crime linked to youth street gangs in Los Angeles, CA; Milwaukee, WI; North Miami Beach, FL; and Richmond, VA.
Abstract: The implementation portion of the evaluation found that sites had developed strategic plans approved by OJJDP that were consistent with target-area needs and problems. Local governance and communication have improved, and partnerships among members have evolved. Coordinator outreach resulted in a broad participation in GRP planning and implementation; and a significant number of programmatic activities across all GRP components were operating by late 2007. Further, GRP has improved communication about gang issues within the target areas and among participating organizations. The evaluation findings on the effects of GRP in each site were mixed. Only one site, Los Angeles, showed a significant reduction in crime levels. Serious violence, gang-related incidents, gang-related serious violence, and citizen reports of shots fired all decreased after the implementation of GRP in Los Angeles. Smaller declines in these measures were found in the comparison area, with no evidence of displacement identified. In Milwaukee and North Miami Beach, no significant changes in the measures were found after GRP implementation; and in Richmond, the period after implementation showed a modest increase in serious violence and gang-related measures. Increased crime awareness and the reporting of gang crimes among target-area residents may help explain the unexpected official increases in some crime measures that were found in Richmond. By late 2007, three of the four sites had undertaken significant steps toward sustaining the least costly portions of the initiative beyond the Federal funding period. 53 tables, 83 figures, a 124-item bibliography, and appended supplementary data and information
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): California; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs; Florida; Gang Prevention; Gang violence; Virginia; Wisconsin
Note: Downloaded November 19, 2008
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