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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 227646   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Alcohol Outlets as Attractors of Violence and Disorder: A Closer Look at the Neighborhood Environment
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Caterina Gouvis Roman ; Shannon E. Reid ; Avinash S. Bhati ; Bogdan Tereshchenko
  Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 04/2008
  Page Count: 156
  Annotation: This report investigates the relationship between alcohol availability, type of alcohol establishment, distribution policies, and violence and disorder.
  Abstract: This report investigates the relationship between alcohol availability, type of alcohol establishment, distribution policies, and violence and disorder at the block group level in the District of Columbia. The authors test whether density of alcohol outlets, both on-premise and off-premise, influence aggravated assault incidents and calls for service for social “disorder” offenses and/or domestic violence incidents. Outcome variations are examined by time of day/day of week and an information theoretic approach is used to estimate spatial econometric regression models. The research findings indicate that: on-premise outlets, but not off-premise outlets, are a significant predictor of aggravated assault incidents; concentrations of both on-premise and off-premise outlets are associated with high levels of violence and disorderly conduct; and off-premise outlets are associated with a significant increase in domestic violence incidents, but on-premise outlets (specifically restaurants and nightclubs) are associated with a decrease in domestic violence. The report concludes with a discussion of implications for crime and community-level alcohol prevention efforts.
  Main Term(s): Alcohol-crime relationship
  Index Term(s): Aggravated assault ; Disorderly conduct ; Alcohol-Related Offenses ; Domestic assault ; Domestic violence causes ; District of Columbia
  Sponsoring Agency: NLECTC Small, Rural, Tribal and Border Regional Ctr
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2006-IJ-CX-0012
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Research Paper
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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