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NCJ Number: NCJ 228003   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Proactive Enforcement of No-Contact Orders on Victim Safety and Repeat Victimization
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Robert Brame Ph.D. ; Catherine Kaukinen Ph.D. ; Angela R. Gover Ph.D. ; Pamela Lattimore Ph.D.
Date Published: 06/2009
Page Count: 173
  Annotation: This study examined whether police proactive enforcement of court-imposed no-contact orders (NCOs) on offenders in misdemeanor domestic violence cases increased victim knowledge about NCOs, reduced contact between offenders and victims, and increased victim safety and sense of well-being.
Abstract: The study found that the proactive enforcement of NCOs had no significant effects when compared with similar cases that did not involve proactive NCO enforcement. Although there were some reductions in arrests for subsequent domestic violence, these reductions were modest to the point of being statistically insignificant. This report recommends the implementation of a wider array of interventions that use both law enforcement and social-service interventions. The study involved a prospective experiment in which 466 cases of misdemeanor criminal domestic violence were randomly assigned to either systematic, proactive enforcement or to routine, reactive enforcement of the court-ordered non-contact conditions. Law enforcement contacts targeted victims in the treatment group whose abusers had been arrested for domestic violence and then released on bond, with the restriction that the offenders have no contact with their victims. Dedicated officer contacts were divided into two types. Those contacts prior to first appearance were designed to inform victims about NCOs, provide them information on criminal domestic violence and NCOs, instruct them in how to document offender contact, and conduct offender surveillance. These contacts included an initial mail contact and in-person or phone contacts. The second set of attempted contacts by officers occurred after the offender’s first appearance. The goal of these contacts was continued risk assessment, visits to check on victims, and offender surveillance. The assessment of the effectiveness of the proactive enforcement involved analyses of official criminal records and victim survey data. 36 tables and 47 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violence
Index Term(s): Police effectiveness ; Proactive police units ; Domestic assault ; Restraining orders ; Domestic assault prevention ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2004-WG-BX-0007
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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