skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 237985   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: New Mathematical Approach to Geographic Profiling
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Mike O'Leary
  Date Published: 12/2009
  Page Count: 96
  Annotation: This study developed a new mathematical framework for the geographic features of a series of crimes committed by the same serial offender, and a software was developed based on the mathematical framework.
  Abstract: Both the mathematical approach and the software tool are able to account for geographic features of the crime sites selected by an offender; geographic features that affect the distribution of potential anchor points (offender's home, place of work, or some other location important to the offender); differences in the travel distances of different offenders; and certain demographic characteristics (race/ethnic group, age, and sex) of the offender. The mathematical framework is described in detail in order to show how to estimate the location of an offender’s anchor point by using data on the locations of the crime series; the locations of historically similar crimes; a list of solved historical crimes, with both the locations of the offense site and the corresponding anchor point; and census data, along with any available demographic information about the offender. Software was developed for implementing the mathematical algorithms. The software was built in two parts: a program called Profiler that performs all of the mathematical analysis and a program called Profiler GUI, with which the user interacts. Thus, an analyst who wishes to use the algorithm needs only to download the software package and run Profiler GUI. The user enters all of the data necessary for the analysis, and the Profiler program performs the analysis. When finished, the user has a map of the proposed search area and a map of the target attractiveness function. The authors advise that they have not yet examined the effectiveness of the tool or the mathematical algorithms it contains. Extensive figures and tables and a 61-item bibliography
  Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
  Index Term(s): Mathematical models ; Geographic distribution of crime ; Crime patterns ; Crime analysis ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2007-DE-BX-K005
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.