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NCJ Number: 238584 Find in a Library
Title: Deterrence and the Death Penalty
Author(s): Daniel S. Nagin; John V. Pepper
Corporate Author: National Research Council
Cmssn on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
United States of America
Editor(s): Daniel S. Nagin; John V. Pepper
Date Published: 2012
Page Count: 144
Sponsoring Agency: National Academies Press
Washington, DC 20001
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Research Council
Washington, DC 20418
Proteus Action League

Tides Foundation
New York, NY 10005
Grant Number: 2010-IJ-CX-0018;TRF09-01115
Publication Number: ISBN-10: 0-309-25416-7
Sale Source: National Academies Press
500 Fifth Street, N.W.
Keck 360
Washington, DC 20001
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Book (Softbound); Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report from the National Research Council examines the results of research on the deterrent effect of the death penalty on homicide rates in this country.
Abstract: The primary aim of this report was to assess whether previous research has adequately assessed the deterrent effect of the death penalty on homicide rates. The report examined previous studies that focused on this issue to evaluate the underlying reasons for the differing conclusions reached by the studies. The findings from these studies have ranged from the conclusion that the threat of capital punishment deters murders to the finding that executions have no effect on murder rates. This report from the Committee on Law and Justice at the National Research Council examines the results of the research and concludes that the research to date is not useful in determining the deterrent effect of the death penalty on homicide rates because the studies have not accounted for the possible effect of noncapital punishments on homicide rates. The report is divided into six chapters: 1. Introduction; 2. Capital Punishments in the Post-Gregg Era; 3) Determining the Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: Key Issues; 4) Panel Studies; 5) Time-Series Studies; and 6) Challenges to Identifying Deterrent Effects. Recommendations for new avenues of research on the deterrent effects of both capital and noncapital punishments on homicide rates are discussed. Tables, figures, references, and appendix
Main Term(s): Capital punishment
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Deterrence; Deterrence effectiveness; Effectiveness; Effects of imprisonment; Homicide; Homicide trends; Punishment; Sentence effectiveness
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