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NCJ Number: NCJ 239785     Find in a Library
Title: Examining Growth in the Federal Prison Population, 1998 to 2010
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Kamala Mallik-Kane ; Barbara Parthasarathy ; William Adams
Date Published: 09/2012
Page Count: 35
  Annotation: This Bureau of Justice Statistics funded report details the size of the Federal prison population over the 1998-2010 time period.
Abstract: The size of the yearend Federal prison population grew by 77% over the 1998-2010 period, from 104,413 offenders who were convicted of federal crimes to an all-time high of 184,809. Drug offenders made up the largest portion of the increase in Federal prisoners, followed by weapon, immigration, and non-regulatory public-order offenders. An increase in the length of time to be served by prisoners was the leading contributor to growth, accounting for 58% of the total prison population growth between 1998 and 2010. Longer expected lengths of stay for drug offenders, alone, accounted for one-third of total growth in the prison population. Changes in federal conviction, investigation, and sentencing practices, respectively, also added to the prison population—notably, a higher conviction rate in drug cases and heightened enforcement of immigration and weapon offenses. By contrast, prison population growth during this period was moderated by changes in the rate at which sentenced offenders were admitted to prison and modest declines in the federal prosecution rate. Report findings were based on a statistical decomposition analysis using data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ Federal Justice Statistics Program.
Main Term(s): Capacity (correctional facilities)
Index Term(s): Prison population prediction ; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) ; Correctional facility surveys ; BJS final report
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2010-BJ-CX-K079
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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