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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 239972     Find in a Library
  Title: Correctional Populations in the United States, 2011
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): Lauren E. Glaze ; Erika Parks
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 11/2012
  Page Count: 10
  Series: BJS Bulletins
  Annotation: This study presents summary data on the number of offenders under the supervision of the adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2011.
  Abstract: This report provides statistics on the size and change in the total correctional population, by correctional status, during 2011. Results show that adult correctional authorities supervised about 6,977,700 offenders at yearend 2011, a decrease of 1.4 percent during the year; the decline of 98,900 offenders during 2011 marked the third consecutive year of decrease in the correctional population, which includes probationers, parolees, local jail inmates, and prisoners in the custody of State and Federal facilities; about 2.9 percent of adults in the United States were under some form of correctional supervision at yearend 2011, a rate comparable to 1998; about 1 in every 50 adults in the United States was supervised in the community on probation or parole while about 1 in every 107 adults was incarcerated in prison or jail; the community supervision population (including probationers and parolees, down 1.5 percent) and the incarcerated population (including local jail inmates and Federal and State prisoners, down 1.3 percent) decreased at about the same rate in 2011; the majority (83 percent) of the decline in the correctional population during the year was attributed to the decrease in the probation population (down 81,800 offenders). This report presents a comparison between the rate of offenders under correctional supervision at yearend 2000 and 2011 and between the rates of offenders supervised in the community and those incarcerated at yearend 2011; the impact of the changes in the community supervision and incarcerated populations during 2011 on the change observed in the total correctional population; and additional information on prison populations, including prisoners under military jurisdiction and those in the custody of correctional authorities in the U.S. territories and commonwealths. Tables, figure, and appendixes
  Main Term(s): Corrections statistics
  Index Term(s): Federal correctional facilities ; State correctional facilities ; Prison population prediction ; Criminal population ; Corrections research ; Corrections trends
  Sale Source: Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Statistics
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=262045

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