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NCJ Number: NCJ 240204   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Expanding the Scope of Research on Recent Crime Trends
Author(s): Eric P. Baumer ; Richard Rosenfeld ; Kevin T. Wolff
Date Published: 11/2012
Page Count: 87
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2008-IJ-CX-0014
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The primary purpose of this project was to improve the data infrastructure that supports crime-trends research by compiling the most commonly referenced datasets and measures in a centralized location.
Abstract: An ancillary objective of the project was to illustrate the utility of the resulting data archive. This was done by addressing three research issues: a uniform set of analyses across States, counties, and cities; an assessment of the conditional effects of economic conditions on recent crime trends; and an expanded analysis of the effects of key criminal justice features on recent crime trends that have not been widely considered in prior research. These criminal justice features include the nature of policing and age-specific and crime-specific imprisonment rates. The specific samples, time frames, and measures used varied across the three issues addressed; however, the general analytical strategy in addressing these issues is to construct, when possible, a panel database with requisite measures focused on the following time points: 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010. This was done using the Crime Trends Data Archive (CTDA) produced by the project. This approach benefits from the strength of a pooled cross-sectional design, while avoiding the data imputation that is required to support panel analyses of annual time periods for sub-national geographic units. The three sets of empirical analyses conducted in this project include models of overall homicide, non-lethal violence (robbery and aggravated assault), and non-violent property crime (burglary, motor vehicle theft, and larceny). The project estimated a series of two-way fixed-effects panel models of crime rates that include fixed effects that control for stable, but unmeasured, city attributes and temporal shocks that are shared across cities. This report also identifies factors that influence crime rates, including criminal justice policies and practices. Extensive tables and 97 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime Statistics ; Data integrity ; Research methods ; Information Systems and Technology ; Data collection ; Crime patterns ; Research uses in policymaking ; Databases ; NIJ final report
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=262278

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