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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: NCJ 240686   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Development and Validation of a Method for Individualization of Middle Petroleum Distillates and Kerosene Ignitable Liquids
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): J. Graham Rankin, Ph.D ; Peter Harrington, Ph.D.
Date Published: 12/2012
Page Count: 109
  Annotation: This project applied target compound analysis from high-resolution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GCMS) in individualizing gasoline to medium petroleum distillates (MPD) and kerosene, which may be used as accelerants in arson cases.
Abstract: The intent was to test analytical tools for use in forensic comparisons between ignitable liquid residues in fire debris and ignitable liquids in the possession of arson suspects. The Fuzzy Rule-building Expert System (FuRES) models produced correct classification rates greater than 90 percent for discriminating between samples. Projected Difference Resolution (PDR) mapping technique was applied to measure the quantitative differences among the ignitable liquid (IL) samples by their GCMS profiles. PDR mapping, a new method for characterizing complex data-sets was consistent with the FuRES classification result. For MPD, the Kendal’s-tau metric for “association/no association” demonstrated “association/ no association” true positive rates in excess of 95 percent and 5-percent false positive rates. In the course of conducting this research, a large set of kerosene and MPD samples were collected and analyzed by high-resolution GCMS. Researchers selected a number of candidate target compounds common to most samples that elute in pairs relatively close in elution time and have repeatable peak area ratios within samples, but are variable between samples of different origin. Multivariate statistical methods were used to determine those candidate peak ratios that are best for discriminating between samples for kerosene and MPD. The “false positive rate” was determined when comparing all the samples in the dataset. The robustness of the method was determined for evaporated and simulated burned samples. 7 figures, 3 tables, and 19 references
Main Term(s): Forensics/Forensic Sciences
Index Term(s): Chromatography ; Mass spectroscopy ; Arson investigations ; Investigative techniques ; NIJ final report ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2008-DN-BX-K146
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=262766

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