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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 241019     Find in a Library
  Title: Testing a Public Health Approach to Gun Violence: An Evaluation of Crown Heights Save Our Streets, a Replication of the Cure Violence Model
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Sarah Picard-Fritsche ; Lenore Cerniglia
  Corporate Author: Center for Court Innovation
United States of America
  Date Published: 01/2013
  Page Count: 49
  Annotation: This is a process and impact evaluation of the Save Our Streets (SOS) gun violence prevention program launched by the Crown Heights Community Mediation Center (central Brooklyn, NY) and the Center for Court Innovation in January 2010.
  Abstract: Results indicate that gun violence in Crown Heights decreased by 6 percent following the program’s implementation, compared to an 18- and 28-percent increase in comparison areas. Although the 6-percent decline was not statistically significant in and of itself, when compared with the upward trend in the comparison precincts, the relative difference between Crown Heights and the other neighborhoods was significant. The analysis suggests that gun violence in Crown Heights was 20-percent lower than what it would have been had gun violence trends mirrored those of similar, adjacent precincts. In implementing the features of the Chicago Ceasefire Initiative, SOS targeted a relatively small group of high-risk individuals who were identified as perpetrating a majority of violent crimes. Similar to previous public health strategies for addressing problems such as smoking or seatbelt use, SOS reflected the Ceasefire model’s attempt to modify community norms regarding gun violence. Following the Ceasefire model, SOS attempted to identify and engage individuals deemed to be at high risk for future violence, using street outreach by “credible messengers” with experience in the target neighborhood and knowledge of local gang or street conflicts. In a departure from the Chicago model, SOS staff members were also responsible for conducting conflict mediation (“violence interruption”); the Chicago model assigned conflict resolution as a distinct role filled by separate staff members. SOS followed the Chicago model in mobilizing community leaders, clergy, residents, and law enforcement in the effort to change community-wide norms and perceptions regarding gun violence. The methodology used in the process and impact evaluation are described. Extensive tables and figures, 19 references, and appended community survey questionnaire
  Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs
  Index Term(s): Effectiveness of crime prevention programs ; Violence prevention ; BJA grant-related documents ; New York ; Gun Violence
  Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Sale Source: Center for Court Innovation
520 Eighth Avenue, 18th Floor
New York, NY 10018
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263107

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