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  NCJ Number: NCJ 241443     Find in a Library
  Title: Manipulative Virtual Tools for Tool Mark Characterization
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): S. Zhang ; L. S. Chumbley
  Date Published: 01/2013
  Page Count: 50
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This final NIJ (National Institute of Justice) report presents the results of a study that developed manipulative virtual tools for use in characterizing tool marked surfaces.
  Abstract: Preliminary findings from the study on the development of manipulative virtual tools for use in characterizing tool marked surfaces include the following: the method developed in the study was able to distinguish between matches and non-matches in a majority of the scans, with only a few false negatives being reported; the method was also able to generally distinguish between marks made at high and low angles; and the angle on the real mark predicted by the virtual mark could often achieved to within 5 degrees of the actual angle. The primary purpose for the development of the virtual tools is to improve the scientific basis for toolmark identifications. In the study, a 3-dimensional computer simulation of a tool tip was created and used to make “virtual toolmarks,” allowing for the force, twist of the tool, and angle of attack of the tool tip to be varied. These toolmarks were manipulated to produce a range of markings, allowing examiners to obtain the best possible match to the actual tool to be found. The findings from the study indicate that in the right conditions, the virtual tool developed in this study can be made to generate ‘virtual marks’ for quantitative and objective toolmark characterization. Figures and references
  Main Term(s): Toolmark identification
  Index Term(s): Computer software ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Computer program models ; Computer aided investigations ; Forensic engineering ; NIJ final report ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2009-DN-R-119
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Grant Sponsored)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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