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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 241443     Find in a Library
Title: Manipulative Virtual Tools for Tool Mark Characterization
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): S. Zhang ; L. S. Chumbley
Date Published: 01/2013
Page Count: 50
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This final NIJ (National Institute of Justice) report presents the results of a study that developed manipulative virtual tools for use in characterizing tool marked surfaces.
Abstract: Preliminary findings from the study on the development of manipulative virtual tools for use in characterizing tool marked surfaces include the following: the method developed in the study was able to distinguish between matches and non-matches in a majority of the scans, with only a few false negatives being reported; the method was also able to generally distinguish between marks made at high and low angles; and the angle on the real mark predicted by the virtual mark could often achieved to within 5 degrees of the actual angle. The primary purpose for the development of the virtual tools is to improve the scientific basis for toolmark identifications. In the study, a 3-dimensional computer simulation of a tool tip was created and used to make “virtual toolmarks,” allowing for the force, twist of the tool, and angle of attack of the tool tip to be varied. These toolmarks were manipulated to produce a range of markings, allowing examiners to obtain the best possible match to the actual tool to be found. The findings from the study indicate that in the right conditions, the virtual tool developed in this study can be made to generate ‘virtual marks’ for quantitative and objective toolmark characterization. Figures and references
Main Term(s): Toolmark identification
Index Term(s): Computer software ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; Computer program models ; Computer aided investigations ; Forensic engineering ; NIJ final report ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2009-DN-R-119
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=263533

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