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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 241911   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Identification and Separation of Same Gender Mixtures of Various Cell Types Using Interphase FISH Techniques and Laser Microdissection
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Abigail Bathrick, M.F.S. ; Jared Latiolais, M.S., M.F.S. ; Robert Bever, Ph.D.
  Date Published: 05/2012
  Page Count: 76
  Annotation: This research examines how to improve the methods of DNA mixture resolution in the forensic laboratory by improving laser microdissection (LM) techniques.
  Abstract: The results from this study indicate that fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes could not be developed to reliably differentiate between cells with different ABO blood groups. Therefore this project was not successful in developing a FISH LM technique to differentiate cellular mixtures consisting of the same morphology and same gender. However, the project did develop and optimize methods that improved the signal intensity and reduced background fluorescence associated with FISH. These optimized methods can be used in forensic laboratories to separate mixtures containing male and female cells with the same cell morphology. The findings of this study indicated that the FISH techniques utilized are unsuitable for differentiation of the ABO blood groups. Manipulation of the hybridization stringency suggested that with these techniques a single base pair difference is insufficient for differentiation between the ABO blood groups. Traditional double stranded DNA probes are not suitable for discriminating between sequences that differ by one base pair. Tables, figures, and references
  Main Term(s): DNA fingerprinting
  Index Term(s): Research methods ; Research and development ; Research design ; Research uses in policymaking ; Criminal justice research ; Forensic science training ; NIJ final report ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2008-IJ-CX-K016
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Technical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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