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NCJ Number: NCJ 242955     Find in a Library
Title: Thirty Percent of Migrant Laborers in San Diego Experience Trafficking Violations
  Document URL: PDF 
Corporate Author: San Diego State University
Dept of Sociology
United States of America
Date Published: 07/2013
Page Count: 4
  Annotation: Based on a survey of 826 unauthorized Spanish-speaking, mostly Mexican, workers in San Diego County, CA, this study obtained information on their experiences in traveling to the United States and during their employment here.
Abstract: The study found that most of the human trafficking violations and abuses experienced by the workers occurred during their employment rather than during their travel to the United States. The study used a narrow definition of what constitutes human trafficking, defining it as an act that involved restrictions imposed by employers on a worker’s physical or communicative freedom and/or actual or threatened physical assaults. Some examples of labor trafficking are violations that include beatings, imprisonment, and sexual abuse. Although approximately 20 percent of the workers experienced abuse at the hands of smugglers, 28 percent experienced labor trafficking violations by their employers. The study also questioned workers about practices that did not rise to the level of labor trafficking but were fraudulent, deceptive, or abusive. These abuses included wage theft and instructing workers to lie about their own or their employer’s identity. Approximately 49 percent experienced such abusive labor practices by employers. Agriculture had the lowest rate of victimization among all businesses. Construction, janitorial/cleaning, and landscaping sectors had the highest rates of reported trafficking violations and labor abuses. Using these findings to roughly estimate national figures on trafficking violations and abuse, there could be as many as 2.5 million labor trafficking victims just among unauthorized Spanish-speaking laborers in the United States. Recommendations for policymakers pertain to resource allocation, criminal justice intervention, public awareness, and advocacy. 2 exhibits and 2 notes
Main Term(s): Victimization risk
Index Term(s): Employer-employee relations ; Employer attitudes ; Immigrants/Aliens ; Victimization surveys ; Trafficking in Persons
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: National Institute of Justice: IN SHORT
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