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NCJ Number: NCJ 243826     Find in a Library
Title: Probation and Parole in the United States, 2012
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Author(s): Thomas P. Bonczar ; Laura M. Maruschak
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 12/2013
Page Count: 23
  Series: BJS Bulletins
  Annotation: This bulletin from the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, presents data on the number of adults on parole and probation for the 2012 year.
Abstract: Highlights from this report include the following: during 2012, the number of adults und community supervision declined by about 40,500 to 4,781,300 offenders at yearend, with both probation and parole populations declining; an estimated 4.1 million adults moved onto or off probation in 2012; 68 percent of probationers completed their term of supervision or were discharged early during 2012, up from 66 percent in 2011. The rate of incarceration among probationers at risk for violating their conditions of supervision dropped 5.1 percent in 2012, down from 6.0 percent in 2008. The adult parole population fell to about 851,200 by the end of 2012, with nearly 1 million adults moving onto or off parole during the year. During 2012, the State parole population fell about 0.6 percent, from an estimated 744,700 to 740,400, while the Federal parole population grew 3.5 percent, from 106,955 to 110,739; 58 percent of parolees completed their term of supervision or were discharged early in 2012, up from 52 percent in 2011; and the reincarceration rate among parolees at risk for violating their conditions of supervision continued to decline, dropping to 9 percent during 2012 from about 12 percent in 2011. This report from the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) examined probation and parole statistics for the year ended 2012. Data for the report were obtained from BJS’s Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey. Both surveys cover all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Federal system. Figures, tables, and appendixes
Main Term(s): Probation statistics
Index Term(s): Offender statistics ; Inmate statistics ; Corrections statistics ; Parole statistics ; Statistics ; Criminal justice statistics ; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Type: Statistics ; Report (Annual/Periodic)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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