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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 245147   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Contactless Fingerprint Technologies Assessment (Version 2)
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Phillip Wiggin ; Lars Ericson, Ph.D.
Corporate Author: ManTech Advanced Systems International, Inc.
United States of America
Date Published: 02/2014
Page Count: 56
  Annotation: This report reviews the initiatives in contactless fingerprint collection technologies being used in government, industry, and academia.
Abstract: The review found that commercial off-the-shelf contactless fingerprint devices are being used primarily for personnel access control for a local database of enrollees. Although it is possible that these devices could be modified for use in an enhanced capacity, additional investment and development would be required. The government agencies most active in funding the development of enhanced contactless fingerprint scanners are the U.S. Justice Department’s National Institute of Justice, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S. Department of Defense. In addition, several manufacturers are performing internally funded research and development, and there are research activities at academic institutions. Contactless fingerprint scanning technologies have several potential advantages over the current fingerprint collection methods, i.e., higher quality fingerprint images, faster capture times, unattended fingerprint collection, and a reduced likelihood of the spreading of contaminants among subjects. Of the devices discussed in this report, only the FS3D devices performed a full 3D scan of the fingerprint topography. Others used various methods from approximating the curvature of the actual finger to determining how best to unroll the scan. Because of the varying scanning technology as well as unrolling and distortion techniques used among vendors, it will be important to inform stakeholders of the validity, repeatability, and matchability of the fingerprints produced by these systems. In addition, adoption of this technology will require stakeholders and end-users to be confident in the compatibility of the new systems with existing fingerprint databases. 19 figures, 19 tables, and 53 references
Main Term(s): Police equipment
Index Term(s): Fingerprints ; Technology transfer ; Fingerprint image quality ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2010-IJ-CX-K024
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=267228

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