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NCJ Number: 247815 Find in a Library
Title: Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2012 - Statistical Tables
Author(s): Jennifer C. Karberg; Ronald J. Frandsen; Joseph M. Durso; Allina D. Lee
Corporate Author: Regional Justice Information Service
United States of America
Date Published: December 2014
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Regional Justice Information Service
St. Louis, MO 63108
Grant Number: 2011-BJ-CX-K017
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=5157 
Type: Issue Overview; Statistics
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) report details background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2012, and statistical tables for the estimated number of firearm applications and denials since the inception of the Brady Act in 1994 through 2012.
Abstract: This Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) report details background checks for firearm transfers conducted in 2012, and statistical tables for the estimated number of firearm applications and denials since the inception of the Brady Act in 1994 through 2012. The tables include estimates of applications, and denials, conducted by each type of approval system from 1999 to 2012 and provides State-level estimates for application and denial rates. The tables also provide data on reasons for denial. BJS’ Firearm Inquiry Statistics program annually surveys State and local checking agencies to collect information on firearm background check activity, and combines this information with FBI NICS transaction data. Highlights of this report include: 1) since the inception of the Brady Act on March 1, 1994, through December 31, 2012, nearly 148 million applications for firearm transfers or permits were subject to background checks. More than 2.4 million applications (1.6%) were denied (table 1); 2) there were 15.7 million applications for firearm transfers in 2012, an increase of more than 5 million applications since 2010; 3) about 1.2% of the 15.7 million applications for firearm transfers or permits in 2012 were denied—about 88,000 by the FBI and nearly 104,000 by state and local agencies (table 2); and 4) among state agencies, denial rates in 2012 were 2.3% for purchase permits, 1.5% for instant checks, 1% for other approvals, and 0.9% for exempt carry permits (table 3).
Main Term(s): Background Checks; National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS)
Index Term(s): BJS Grant-related Documents; BJS Resources; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS); Firearms
Note: This report is part of BJS' Background Checks for Firearm Transfers Series. Lynne McConnell of Lockheed Martin and Jill Thomas edited the report. Tina Dorsey and Barbara Quinn produced the report. The Bureau of Justice Statistics of the U.S. Department of Justice is the principal federal agency responsible for measuring crime, criminal victimization, criminal offenders, victims of crime, correlates of crime, and the operation of criminal and civil justice systems at the federal, state, tribal, and local levels. BJS collects, analyzes, and disseminates reliable and valid statistics on crime and justice systems in the United States, supports improvements to state and local criminal justice information systems, and participates with national and international organizations to develop and recommend national standards for justice statistics.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=269915

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