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NCJ Number: 248409 Find in a Library
Title: Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2011
Series: OJJDP National Report Series
Author(s): Sarah Hockenberry; Charles Puzzanchera
Corporate Author: National Juvenile Court Data Archive
National Ctr for Juvenile Justice
United States of America
Date Published: December 2014
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Juvenile Court Data Archive
Pittsburgh, PA 15219
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2012–JR–FX–0002
Document: PDF
Type: Factsheet; Issue Overview
Format: Document (Online); Factsheet
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This fact sheet presents statistics on delinquency cases handled in U.S. juvenile courts between 1985 and 2011.
Abstract: This fact sheet is based on the report Juvenile Court Statistics, 2011 (NCJ 248475). The 1985–2011 estimates are based on data from more than 2,400 courts with jurisdiction over 85% of the nation’s juvenile population. Each case represents the most serious offense of one youth that a court with juvenile jurisdiction processed on a new referral, regardless of the number of offenses contained in that referral (a youth may be involved in more than one case during the calendar year). In 2011, juvenile courts in the United States handled more than 1.2 million delinquency cases that involved juveniles charged with criminal law violations; including 345,000 cases involving females and 891,000 involving males. From 1985 through 1997, the number of delinquency cases climbed steadily (62%) and then fell 34% from 1997 through 2011. In 2011, juvenile courts handled 7% more cases in 2011 than in 1985. The overall pattern of increase followed by decline is the result of trends in combining various offense categories. Public order offense cases increased steadily from 1985 through 2005 (129%) and then declined 28% by 2011. Person offense cases increased through 1997 (131%), leveled off through the mid-2000s, and then fell 27% between 2005 and 2011. Drug law violation cases more than doubled between 1985 and 1997 and then gradually declined (20%) through 2011. Although these patterns differed, each increased through the 2000s, followed by a decline. In contrast, property offenses showed quite a different trend. Between 1985 and 1995, the number of property offense cases increased 31%. Since 1995, the number of property offense cases declined steadily (down 51% from 1995 through 2011). Thus, property offenses were the one general offense category that declined overall from 1985 through 2011 (down 36%).
Main Term(s): Juvenile court statistics
Index Term(s): Juvenile courts; Juvenile delinquency; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP); OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources
Note: Points of view or opinions expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of OJJDP or the U.S. Department of Justice.
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