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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 248648 Find in a Library
Title: Drug Offenders in Federal Prisons: Estimates of Characteristics Based on Linked Data
Series: BJS Special Reports
Author(s): Sam Taxy; Julie Samuels; William Adams
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: October 2015
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF (Full Report)|PDF (Summary)|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Statistics
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report uses a new dataset that links the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) population at fiscal year-end 2012 with sentencing information from the U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC) in describing the Federal prison population whose most serious offense was drug-related and who were serving time on a new U.S. district court commitment and also had valid links to USSC data (n = 94,678).
Abstract: This linked data was necessary for this task because publicly available BOP datasets do not include information about prisoners’ criminal history, offense details, and sentencing decisions. Almost all of the offenders in this sample (99.5 percent) were serving sentences for drug trafficking. Cocaine (powder or crack) was the primary trafficked drug type for 54 percent of the sample. The race of these offenders varied by the type of drug trafficked, with Blacks composing 88 percent of those prisoners trafficking crack cocaine, Hispanics or Latinos composing 54 percent of powder cocaine traffickers, and Whites composing 48 percent of methamphetamine traffickers. At sentencing, 35 percent of the sample had either no or minimal criminal histories; 24 percent used a weapon in their most recent offense; and the average prison sentence was just over 11 years. Across all drug types, traffickers in crack cocaine were most likely to have extensive criminal histories (40 percent), to have used a weapon in their most recent offense (32 percent), and to have longer prison terms (170 months). 11 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections statistics
Index Term(s): BJS Resources; Cocaine; Crack; Criminal histories; Data collection devices; Data collections; Drug offender profiles; Drug offenders; Drug Trafficking; Inmate characteristics; Inmate statistics; Race; US Sentencing Commission; Weapons
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