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NCJ Number: 248651 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Is Burglary a Crime of Violence? An Analysis of National Data 1998-2007
Author(s): Richard F. Culp; Phillip M. Kopp; Candace McCoy
Date Published: February 2015
Page Count: 97
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-IJ-CX-0009
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An analysis of national data for burglary for the years 1998-2007 determined whether violence is a general characteristic of these offenses, as is implied in some State and Federal laws and sentencing for burglary.
Abstract: The analysis of national data on burglary obtained from Uniform Crime Reports, National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVSs), and the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) for 1998-2007 indicates that the majority of burglaries did not involve physical violence and there was weak evidence of even the possibility of violence. The incidence of actual violence or threats of violence during burglaries ranged from a low of 9 percent in rural areas based on NIBRS data, to a high of 7.6 percent in urban areas based on NCVSs. At most, 2.7 percent involved actual violent acts. A comprehensive content analysis of the provisions of State burglary and habitual offender statutes, however, found that burglary is often treated as a violent crime instead of prosecuting and punishing it as a property crime, while separately charging and punishing convicted offenders for any violent acts that occasionally co-occur with burglary. The discussion of policy implications of these findings suggests reform of current statutes that do not reflect the documented characteristics of burglary offenses. It suggests that at a minimum, only burglary of an occupied building be regarded as a serious crime; preferably, the revised law should require that an actual act of violence or threatened violence occur before burglary can be prosecuted as a violent crime. 3 figures, 13 tables, and 93 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Burglary; NIJ final report; NIJ Resources; Nonviolent behavior; Sentencing reform; Sentencing/Sanctions; State laws; Violent crimes; Violent-nonviolent behavior comparisons
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