skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 249722 Find in a Library
Title: Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Restorative Justice
Series: OJJDP Model Programs Guide Literature Reviews
Corporate Author: Development Services Group, Inc.
United States of America
Date Published: 2010
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Development Services Group, Inc.
Bethesda, MD 20814
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-MU-FX-K001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Instructional Material; Literature Review; Program Description (Model); Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Report (Technical Assistance); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a literature review, this paper defines “restorative justice,” followed by descriptions of various structured manifestations that implement its principles, as well as evaluation findings for each of the forms discussed.
Abstract: Restorative justice is a theory of justice that emphasizes repairing the harm caused by criminal behavior. Practices and programs that reflect restorative purposes will respond to crime by identifying and taking steps to repair harm caused by the crime at issue; involve all stakeholders; and transform the traditional relationship between communities and government in responding to crime. Family group conferences, one manifestation of restorative justice principles are facilitated discussions that allow those most affected by a particular crime (victim, offenders, and family and friends of both) to discuss the crime’s impact and decide how the offender should be held accountable. Evaluation research shows promising outcomes for these conferences. Victim-impact panels, another form of restorative justice, are forums in which surrogates for crime victims, usually family members, explain in the presence of the offender how the crime has impacted the victim. The offender is present so he/she can be confronted with the adverse consequences of his/her criminal behavior. Evaluation findings for victim-impact panels are limited and contradictory, but promising. Victim-offender mediation, a third form of restorative justice, provides victims the opportunity to meet offenders in a safe and structured setting where they engage in conversation, negotiation, and problemsolving. The intent is for offenders to become aware of the consequences of their victimizing behavior and discuss with the victim plans for making amends for the harm done. Evaluation research shows that this process produces several positive effects for both victims and offenders. Other forms of restorative justice reviewed are community reparative boards and “circle sentencing.” 23 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile diversion programs
Index Term(s): Family conferencing; Mediation; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Restorative Justice; Victim Impact Panels; Victim-offender reconciliation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.