skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 249735 Find in a Library
Title: SMART Watch Dispatch, January 2016
Date Published: January 2016
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART)
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Description; Policy; Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document (Online); Factsheet
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This issue presents a brief overview of the requirements that must be met by Indian tribes in order for them to adopt enhanced sentencing as authorized under the Tribal Law & Order Act of 2010 (TLOA), with attention to possible ramifications for implementing the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA).
Abstract: Prior to the TLOA, tribes were limited to imposing sentences up to 1 year imprisonment, fines up to $5,000, or both. Tribes that implement enhanced sentencing may impose sentences up to 3 years imprisonment, fines up to $15,000, or both. The decision to enact enhanced sentencing is a tribe’s choice; however, in order to exercise enhanced sentencing, a tribe must meet certain requirements for the tribal justice system. This issue of dispatch focuses on the potential effect of tribal enhanced sentencing on a tribe’s SORNA programs. Because tribal courts were previously limited to imposing sentences of only 1 year in jail, tribes were given the option of categorizing all tribal sex offenses as Tier I offenses, regardless of the seriousness of the offense. Under enhanced sentencing, however, if a tribe chooses to apply it to its registerable sex offenses, there will be an increased financial impact on the tribe because of the monitoring requirements for Tier II and Tier III serious sex offenders, who require additional personnel and resources. When considering the scope of enhanced sentencing, tribes should review their codes, policies, and procedures in relation to the tiering of tribal offenses, so as to ensure they continue to meet the minimum standards of SORNA.
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Federal legislation; Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART); Sentencing reform; Sex offenses; Tribal Courts
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.