skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 250306 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing Demand for Prostitution in San Francisco With a "John School" Program
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: August 2016
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2005-DD-BX-0037
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Summary)
Format: Article; Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article details San Francisco’s “First Offender Prostitution” program, one of a number of programs across the country that aim to reduce prostitution by reducing demand not by targeting prostituted women and men.
Abstract: A number of programs across the country aim to reduce prostitution not by targeting prostituted women and men but instead by reducing demand. The First Offender Prostitution Program was one such program. The First Offender Prostitution Program was designed to reduce the demand for commercial sex and human trafficking in San Francisco by educating “johns,” men arrested for soliciting prostitutes, about the negative consequences of prostitution. First-time offenders who agreed to pay the fee and attend a one-day workshop (the “john school”) had the charges against them dropped if they avoided re-arrest for another prostitution offense for a year after they attended the class. The evaluation addressed three priority issues about the First Offender Prostitution Program: effectiveness, return on investment, and transferability. The key finding for policy and practice was that the First Offender Prostitution Program is highly portable; that is, it can be replicated or used as a model in new environments and remain stable and successful. The researchers also note that similar programs can avoid needing taxpayer support indefinitely if there are enough participants. And, that practitioner access to information about the range of john school models and details about those programs is critical – the First Offender Prostitution Program can be a model for a new program, but local conditions may require modifications.
Main Term(s): Prostitution
Index Term(s): National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; NIJ Resources
Note: This article is based on the grant report Final Report on the Evaluation of the First Offender Prostitution Program (NCJ 221894) by Michael Shively, Sarah Kuck Jalbert, Ryan Kling, William Rhodes, Peter Finn, Chris Flygare, Laura Tierney, Dana Hunt, David Squires, Christina Dyous, and Kristin Wheeler.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.