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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 250416 Find in a Library
Title: Role of Social Networks in the Evolution of Al Qaeda-Inspired Violent Extremism in the United States, 1990-2015
Author(s): Jytte Klausen
Date Published: November 2016
Page Count: 71
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2012-ZA-BX-0006
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study analyzed the networks and organizations that mobilize and direct Americans in committing jihadist action or that raise money in the United States for Hamas and Hezbollah.
Abstract: The study concluded that family members and spouses are often the first to know when a person is about to engage in a violent jihadist-inspired attack. American “homegrown” terrorists are rebelling against perceived national U.S. policies and values, the beliefs of their parents, and against the American Muslim community that embraces the American way of life. Based on these study findings, the authors recommend that State and Federal laws should make it a duty to report suspicions about imminent criminal activity related to terrorism. These laws would be similar to those requiring the reporting of suspicions of child abuse. Also, the growing involvement of converts and the diffusion of risk outside metropolitan areas suggests the need to educate community leaders, teachers, prison wardens, and social workers in the recognition of the signs of dangerous radicalization. Further, it is recommended that there be a top-down suppression of the purveyors of extreme political violence rather than a bottom-up elimination of militant social media activists. Such social media transmissions are often important sources of information for law enforcement in identifying high-risk individuals. Data for this study were collected as part of the Western Jihadism Project, a database of Western nationals associated with terrorist plots related to Al Qaeda and aligned groups, including ISIL. Data are from the early 1990s to the end of 2015. 9 figures, 2 tables, and a list of publications stemming from this study
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Computer related crime; Crime specific countermeasures; Crime specific law reform; Islamic Extremists; Islamic Terrorism; Islamic Terrorists; NIJ final report; NIJ Resources; Social conditions; Social network analysis; Terrorist profiles
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