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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 250425 Find in a Library
Title: Live Fast, Die Young: Anticipated Early Death and Adolescent Violence and Gang Involvement
Author(s): Arna L. Carlock
Corporate Author: State University of New York at Albany
United States of America
Date Published: December 2016
Page Count: 184
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
State University of New York at Albany
Albany, NY 12203
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2014-IJ-CX-0014
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using two longitudinal data sets, this study examined the impact of an adolescent’s anticipation of an early death (AED) on his/her violent behavior and gang activity.
Abstract: The study found that higher levels of AED corresponded to a greater likelihood of violence and gang activity, with this link often mediated by low self-control. The two data sets used in this study were the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), which offers a nationally representative sample of adolescents, and the Rochester Youth Development Study (RYDS), which provides a sample of at-risk youth in Rochester, NY. Structural equation modeling quantified adolescent AED in each data set. In an attempt to determine the causal ordering of AED and risk-taking behaviors, the study used the longitudinal nature of the RYDS data by estimating autoregressive cross-lagged panel models. These findings support the life history theory’s assumption that AED predicts risk-taking behavior. There was little evidence that engaging in violence or gang activity preceded the emergence of AED. 22 tables, 7 figures, 97 references, and appended coding of project variables by data set and supplementary information on methodological procedures
Main Term(s): Juvenile Risk Factors
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Death and dying; Gang member attitudes; Gang violence; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; Violent juvenile offenders
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