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NCJ Number: 250534 Find in a Library
Title: Local Measures: The Need for Neighborhood-Level Data in Youth Violence Prevention Initiatives
Author(s): Jeffrey A. Butts; Alana M. Henninger
Corporate Author: John Jay College of Criminal Justice
United States of America

Research Foundation of CUNY
United States of America
Date Published: January 2017
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: John Jay College of Criminal Justice
New York, NY 10019
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Research Foundation of CUNY
New York , NY 10036
Grant Number: 2010-MU-FX-0007
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Report (Technical Assistance); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report argues for and describes steps being taken for promoting a multi-city network of neighborhood-level data on youth violence and its correlates.
Abstract: Although crime in the United States declined sharply after the mid-1990s and remains at historically low levels, some cities and specific neighborhoods within cities are still facing high rates of youth violence. Currently, it is impossible to conduct a rigorous evaluation of programs intended to reduce youth violence in such cities, because there is no multi-city network of neighborhood-level data on youth violence and its correlates. Steps are being taken to address this data gap. This report describes some of the most promising resources and suggests the type of work needed to provide communities with accurate, localized crime-trend data that can be used to determine the effects of multi-jurisdictional violence-prevention initiatives. Some of the data series described in this report could serve as models and may inspire new initiatives to integrate various types and sources of data for assessing the effects of violence-reduction programs. Some data-collection innovations used by National Forum Cities (cities involved in a structured effort to reduce violence) for tracking neighborhood trends in violence are described. Other existing models for improved data are profiled. They include Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports, the Academic Centers of Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention, the efforts of the national initiative Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere (STRYVE), the CDC’s WISQARS tool, and the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. The Limitations of existing resources are identified and discussed. 25 references
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Data collection devices; Data collections; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs; Needs assessment; Neighborhood; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP); OJJDP final report; Violence prevention; Violent crime statistics
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