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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 250550 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing the Number of People With Mental Illnesses in Jail: Six Questions County Leaders Need to Ask
Author(s): Rise Haneberg; Tony Fabelo; Fred Osher; Michael Thompson
Corporate Author: American Psychiatric Assoc
United States of America

National Assoc of Counties (NACo)
United States of America

Council of State Governments Justice Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: January 2017
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychiatric Assoc
Arlington, VA 22209
Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Council of State Governments Justice Ctr
New York, NY 10005
National Assoc of Counties (NACo)
Washington, DC 20001
Grant Number: 2012-CZ-BX-K071
Sale Source: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Instructional Material; Issue Overview; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After outlining four reasons why efforts to date have failed to significantly reduce the percentage of jail inmates with a mental illness, this paper poses six questions that county leaders should ask when addressing this issue.
Abstract: The four reasons are as follows: 1) data are insufficient to identify the target population and to inform efforts to develop a system-wide response; 2) program design and implementation have not been proven effective by evaluation research; 3) the initiatives have been on a small scale; and 4) the impact of the initiatives implemented have not been tracked by evaluation research. Following the analysis of these reasons for failure to significantly reduce the percentage of mentally ill jail inmates, this paper poses six questions that should be addressed by county leaders in their efforts to reduce the percentage of mentally ill inmates in their jails. First, is our leadership committed? Second, do we conduct timely screening and assessments? Third, do we have baseline data? Fourth, have we conducted a comprehensive process analysis and inventory of services? Fifth, have we prioritized policy, practice, and funding improvements? Sixth, do we track progress? Few counties have taken the steps necessary to answer all these questions affirmatively. The issues involved are complex and resources are limited, but progress can be made in addressing the needs of justice-involved mentally ill individuals. It requires that elected officials, criminal justice leaders, and leaders in the provision of community mental health services cooperate in the development of an infrastructure that significantly reduces the incarceration of mentally ill persons while expanding their access to mental health services.
Main Term(s): Correctional reform
Index Term(s): BJA Grant-related Documents; BJA Resources; Change management; Correctional planning; Interagency cooperation; Jail management; Mentally ill inmates; Mentally ill offenders
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