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NCJ Number: 250803 Find in a Library
Title: An Examination of Ethnic Disparities in Arizona's Juvenile Justice System, Final Technical Report
Author(s): Konrad Haight; G. Roger Jarjoura
Corporate Author: American Institutes for Research (AIR)
United States of America
Date Published: June 2016
Page Count: 84
Sponsoring Agency: American Institutes for Research (AIR)
Washington, DC 20007
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2014-JF-FX-0104
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Given the rarity and inconsistency of research to date on the nature of disparities between Latino and White youth in the juvenile justice system, this study conducted such an assessment of juvenile-justice case processing for a 2-year period in Arizona.
Abstract: An analysis of rates of referral to juvenile court found that White youth were more likely to be referred to juvenile court than Latino Youth. Black and Native-American youth were referred to juvenile court more than twice as often as White youth. Compared to White youth, however, Latino youth were underrepresented in diversions from formal court processing; and they were overrepresented in direct filings to adult court, in pre-adjudicatory secure detention, in petitions filed for formal juvenile court processing, and in commitment to correctional facilities at disposition. Based on multivariate analyses that controlled for the influence of age, gender, number of prior juvenile-justice contacts, most serious current offense, and dependency status, the aforementioned disparities among ethnic groups remained. There were some Arizona counties, however, where this pattern was not found; these were counties in which Latino youth were the largest racial/ethnic group in the general population. Recommendations for future research are offered. They include the recommendation that ongoing assessments of disparity in the juvenile justice system should not involve a statewide-only approach. Rather, research should focus on jurisdictions with the greatest levels of disparity, so as to ensure a more efficient use of resources in achieving greater reductions in disparity. 41 tables, 2 figures, and appended methodological details
Main Term(s): Juvenile processing
Index Term(s): Arizona; Discretionary decisions; Disproportionate Minority Confinement; Hispanic; Hispanic Americans; Juvenile justice reform; Minority overrepresentation; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP); OJJDP final report; Racial discrimination
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