skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 250943 Find in a Library
Title: The Most Important Features for an Effective Sexual Assault Response Team
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: July 2017
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: HTML
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on NIJ-funded research on the structure and operations of sexual assault response teams (SARTs) across the United States, this report identifies the most important features of an effective SART.
Abstract: SARTs are typically composed of a collection of stakeholders in rape cases, including rape victim advocates, medical/forensic examiners, law enforcement personnel, and prosecutors. They sometimes include representatives of faith communities and other social services. The research consisted of two studies that found SART stakeholder membership, collaboration, and implementation varies significantly, which may explain why prior research on SARTs yielded mixed results. The first of the two current studies classified SARTs from a national representative sample based on three factors: the number of different stakeholder members, formalization of SART processes, and collaborative activities. Groups in the three categories were compared based on data regarding legal outcomes of rape cases managed. The study determined that SARTs with more formal procedures, frequent collaboration and meetings, and more varied stakeholder groups, coupled with planned program evaluation had the highest levels of perceived effectiveness. In the second study, three exemplary SARTs were examined in more detail for the relationships among team members. Social network analysis found that SART members interacted frequently, felt valued by one another, and viewed one another as respected resources. This mutual valuation among members was related to more communication and a coordinated response to sexual assault.
Main Term(s): Police sexual assault programs
Index Term(s): Criminal justice system effectiveness; Interagency cooperation; Multidisciplinary Investigative Team; NIJ Resources; Rape investigations; Sexual assault
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.