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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 251081 Find in a Library
Title: Study of Familial DNA Searching Policies and Practices: Case Study Brief Series
Author(s): Michael B. Field; Saniya Seera; Christina Nguyen; Sara Debus-Sherrill
Corporate Author: ICF International
United States of America
Date Published: August 2017
Page Count: 41
Sponsoring Agency: ICF International
Fairfax, VA 22031
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2013-R2-CX-0013
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: As part of a comprehensive study of familial DNA searching (FDS) policies and practices in the United States, this study examined the history, policies, practices, technology, and perceptions of FDS in Colorado, California, Wisconsin, and Maryland.
Abstract: Colorado was the first State to begin using FDS, and is a recognized leader in its promotion and spread across the country. It has developed its own software for conducting FDS, which it shares with multiple States. This software is one of the leading tools for using FDS in the United States. California was also an early adopter of FDS and has successfully solved multiple cases with this tool. California has a statewide policy and also developed its own software for conducting FDS. Unique FDS practices are the institution of an interdisciplinary committee to approve the use of FDS in individual cases and conducting records research prior to release of the profile name to investigators. Wisconsin began conducting FDS in 2014, using the software developed in Denver. Wisconsin has experienced multiple successes in using FDS. Wisconsin’s case study provides information on the earlier stages of implementation and how a pilot may be helpful for this process. Maryland is the only State with legislation that explicitly bans the use of FDS. The rationale for this legislation is discussed.
Main Term(s): Forensic sciences
Index Term(s): Ancestral DNA; California; Colorado; Computer software; DNA Typing; Forensic Laboratories; Investigative techniques; Maryland; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; State laws; Suspect identification; Wisconsin
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