skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 251145 Find in a Library
Title: Contacts Between Police and the Public, 2015
Series: BJS Special Reports
Author(s): Elizabeth Davis; Anthony Whyde; Lynn Langton
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: October 2018
Page Count: 1
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF (Summary)|PDF (Full Report)
Agency Summary: 
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic) ; Statistics; Survey
Format: Document (Online); Factsheet
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This summary report from the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) presents data for 2015 on the number and percentages of the U.S. population ages 16 or older who had any contact with police, by type of contact, and reason.
Abstract: The portion of U.S. residents age 16 or older who had contact with police in the preceding 12 months declined from 26 percent in 2011 to 21 percent in 2015, a decrease of just over 9 million people (from 62.9 million to 53.5 million). The number of persons who experienced a police-initiated contact decreased by 8 million (down 23 percent), and the number of persons who initiated contact with the police fell by 6 million (down 19 percent), The number who had contact from traffic accidents did not change significantly. Whites (23 percent) were more likely than Blacks (20 percent) or Hispanics (17 percent) to have contact with police. Police were equally likely to initiate contact with Blacks and Whites (11 percent each), but were less likely to initiate contact with Hispanics (9 percent). Also, police were more likely to initiate contact with males (12 percent) than with females (9 percent); however, females (11 percent) were more likely than males (10 percent) to initiate contact with police. Of the 223.3 million people who experienced a police-initiated contact, 8.6 were driving a vehicle when the contact occurred. Blacks (9.8 percent) were more likely than Whites (8.6 percent) and Hispanics (7.6 percent) to be the driver in a traffic stop. A higher percentage of Blacks (1.5 percent experienced street stops than Whites (0.9 percent) and Hispanics (0.9 percent). Data are also provided on residents’ perceptions of police behavior and police use of a non-fatal threat or the use of force, distinguished by race and sex.
Main Term(s): Police-citizen interactions
Index Term(s): BJS Resources; Citizen crime reporting; gender differences; Police use of deadly force; Public Opinion of the Police; Race; Vehicle stops
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.