skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 251216 Find in a Library
Title: The Intersection of Juvenile Courts and Exclusionary School Discipline
Author(s): J.Guillermo Villalobos; Theresa L. Bohannan
Corporate Author: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
United States of America
Date Published: October 2017
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Reno, NV 89507
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2014-JZ-FX-K006
Sale Source: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
P.O. Box 8970
Reno, NV 89507
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Instructional Material; Issue Overview; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After examining the adverse consequences of using “zero tolerance” for school misbehavior and the use of suspension and expulsion as disciplinary responses by school administrations, this report suggests that juvenile justice system representatives work with school policymakers and administrators in reforming exclusionary school disciplinary policies and countering pathways that increase the risk that school disciplinary policies will lead to involvement in the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: Most data indicate that exclusionary school disciplinary policies are ineffective in achieving their intended goals and can even contribute to less safe school environments. In addition, there is evidence that economically disadvantaged students and students of color are disproportionately affected by these policies, such that these groups are at higher risk of dropping out of school and subsequently becoming involved in the juvenile and criminal justice systems. This report advocates the development of interagency collaboration through policymaking bodies that include representatives of the justice system, schools, and appropriate community groups. Such a body will examine school disciplinary policies; their effects; the factors that place school-age youth at risk of justice-system involvement; and how the school, the justice system, and community resources can be more effective in guiding the positive development of children and youth. This report notes that a number of school diversion programs have been successfully implemented throughout the nation to decrease the number of school-based referrals to law enforcement and/or juvenile court. Examples are provided from communities in Illinois, Connecticut, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Georgia, and Nevada. 1 table and 24 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): alternatives to suspension; Juvenile diversion programs; Juvenile Risk Factors; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Police school relations; School discipline; School influences on crime; School/Student Expulsion
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.