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NCJ Number: 251410 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: The Relationship between Prison Length of Stay and Recidivism: A Study using Regression Discontinuity with Multiple Break Points
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: October 2017
Page Count: 86
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2016-BJ-CX-K044
Document: PDF
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This BJS grant-funded report evaluates the relationship between prison length of stay and recidivism post-release.
Abstract: This BJS grant-funded report examines Federal sentencing structure to determine if increasing the length of prison terms increases or decreases recidivism, and seeks to measure if the effect of increasing the length of prison differs across individual inmates. The authors contend that imprisonment is an expensive sanction and justifying its use often rests partly on its presumed utility to reduce post-release reoffending. Most scholars separate the research on imprisonment effects into two subsets: imprisonment in contrast to an alternative sanction and prison length of stay. The authors attempt to answer if prison is expected to deter offenders from future reoffending, then how does it compare to a sentence of probation, home confinement or other alternative sanction? Likewise, if prison is chosen as a preferred sanction, can a deterrent effect of imprisonment be achieved with a shorter sentence? A secondary goal of this study was to measure length of stay treatment heterogeneity; specifically, does the effect of increasing the length of prison differ across individuals? Scholars have argued the effect of prison may depend on a host of factors, such as, the characteristics of the offender, institution, and sentence. Incarceration treatment heterogeneity is important because unpacking treatment effect dependence may lead to an explanation of why various outcomes are observed across imprisonment studies found in systematic reviews.
Main Term(s): Recidivism; Sentencing/Sanctions
Index Term(s): Alternatives to Incarceration; BJS Grant-related Documents; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS); Incarceration; Inmate statistics; Inmates; Prisons; Recidivism prediction; Recidivism statistics
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