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NCJ Number: 251444 Find in a Library
Title: Second Chance Act Adult Offender Reentry Demonstration Projects Evidence-Based Practices: Prosocial Behavior Change Techniques
Author(s): Janeen Buck Willison; Shelli B. Rossman; Christine Lindquist; Jennifer Hardison Walters; Pamela K. Lattimore
Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America

RTI International
United States of America
Date Published: December 2017
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
RTI International
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
The Urban Institute
Washington, DC 20037
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2012-RY-BX-0001
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on the nature and effectiveness of techniques used by seven grantees with adult reentry programs under the federal Second Chance Act (SCA), this report explores the use of communication techniques, sanctions, and incentives to support and reinforce positive behavioral change, cognitive behavioral interventions, and evidence-based program curricula used with offenders.
Abstract: Although the seven grantees developed variations in techniques used and outcomes achieved, which are described in this report, 11 principles are outlined for effective intervention with persons reentering communities after imprisonment. The principles are as follows: 1) Effective interventions are behavioral in nature; 2) Level of service should be matched to the risk level of the individual; 3) Individuals should be referred to services designed to address their specific, assessed criminogenic needs; 4) Treatment approaches should be matched to the learning style or personality of the clients; 5) High-risk individuals receive intensive services, occupying 40-70 percent of the individual’s time for 3 to 8 months; 6) Effective interventions are highly structured and contingencies are enforced in a firm, but fair manner; 7) Staff relate to clients in interpersonally sensitive and constructive ways and are trained and supervised appropriately; 8) Staff members monitor client change on intermediate targets of treatment; 9) Relapse prevention and aftercare services are used in the community to monitor and anticipate problem situations and train clients to rehearse alternative behaviors; 10) family members or significant others are trained in how to assist clients during problem situations; and 11) High levels of advocacy and brokerage occur if community services are appropriate. 3 exhibits and 43 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavior modification training; Behavioral objectives; Behavioral science research; Evidence-Based Practices; Evidence-Based Programs; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; Parole effectiveness; Post-release programs; Reentry; Treatment effectiveness
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