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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 251496 Find in a Library
Title: Reentry Court Research: Overview of Findings from the National Institute of Justice's Evaluation of Second Chance Act Adult Reentry Courts
Author(s): Shannon M. Carey; Michael Rempel; Christine Lindquist; Amanda Cissner; Lama Hassoun Ayoub; Dana Kralstein; Anna Malsch
Date Published: January 2018
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Northwest Professional Consortium (aka NPC Research)
Portland, OR
Grant Number: 2010-RY-BX-0001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This is a summary overview of the findings and methodology of the NIJ-funded evaluation of the eight sites that received federal funding for the establishment and operation of Adult Reentry Courts under the federal Second Chance Act (SCA) of 2007.
Abstract: The four goals of the evaluation were 1) to describe the SCA reentry courts through a comprehensive process evaluation; 2) to determine the effectiveness of the reentry courts in reducing recidivism among participants and improving individual outcomes through a rigorous impact evaluation; 3) to conduct a cost-benefit analysis; and 4) to contribute to the development of a “true” reentry court model. Evaluation findings were mixed across sites. One site consistently demonstrated positive outcomes in establishing the reentry court model, achieving recidivism reduction, having positive cost-benefit outcomes, and delivering more substance abuse treatment and other services compared to the control group. Key processes that set the one site with positive outcomes apart from the other sites was the high level of consistency and intensity of substance abuse treatment, wraparound services for multiple criminogenic needs, high-intensity supervision, and an increased use of praise from the judge, along with other incentives and sanctions. In addition, the eligibility criteria for the successful site required that participants have a substance-use disorder with risk levels ranging from moderate to high based on their risk assessment. In contrast, other sites had eligibility criteria that did not require a substance-use disorder, and participant risk levels were mostly “high” to “very high.” The multi-method approach used in the evaluation is described. 12 tables and 13 references
Main Term(s): Specialty Courts
Index Term(s): Drug treatment; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; Parole effectiveness; Post-release programs; Reentry
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