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NCJ Number: 251740 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of a Middle School Social-Emotional Learning Program on Bullying, Teen Dating Violence, Sexual Violence, and Substance Use in High School, Final Report
Author(s): Dorothy L. Espelage; Kristen Bub; Mark Van Ryzin; Melissa K. Holt
Date Published: June 2018
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2013-VA-CX-0008
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The objectives of this study were to determine treatment effects of the Second Step middle-school program on reductions in youth aggression (including bullying), sexual violence, substance use, and teen dating violence when in high school, as well as to assess middle-school belonging as a mediator of these treatment effects on targeted problem behaviors in high school.
Abstract: Findings show that the middle school’s social-emotional learning program improved students sense of belonging across the middle school years compared to students in the control schools. This increase in school belonging was associated with decreases in multiple forms of aggression and victimization as the Second-Step participants transitioned into high school; however, the Second Step program did not apparently prevent participants’ involvement in teen dating violence or substance use in high school. This report notes that teen dating violence was not directly addressed in the middle-school program, which may have contributed to its emergence in high school. On the other hand, the middle-school program did address alcohol and drug use prevention, but without significant prevention effects in high school. This report recommends including in the Second Step program countermeasures for teen dating violence. Study participants were 1,565 students from 15 middle schools in Illinois who were followed into six high schools. Schools had to agree to random assignment and to refrain from implementing other school-wide bullying prevention programming during the 3-year study. Males composed 53 percent of the sample, with 22 percent identifying as White, 21 percent as African-American, 33 percent as Hispanic, and 11 percent as biracial. The effect of treatment was examined for the following longitudinal outcomes: bullying perpetration and victimization, sexual harassment perpetration and victimization, homophobic perpetration and victimization, and teen dating violence. 1 figure, 4 references, and an annotated listing of five peer-reviewed articles on this study
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
Index Term(s): Bullying; Cyber bullying; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs; Juvenile drug use; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; School delinquency programs; School influences on crime; School-Based Programs; Social change; Social conditions; Social Learning; Social Support; Teen Dating Violence
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