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NCJ Number: 252617 Find in a Library
Title: Child Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Parent Aggression in Two Generations
Author(s): Joann Wu Shortt; Stacey S. Tiberio; Deborah M. Capaldi; Sabina Low
Date Published: February 2019
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Oregon Social Learning Center
Eugene , OR 97401
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2015-R2-CX-0003
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The longitudinal design of this study enabled the examination of the developmental timing of exposure of children to family violence, as well as mediating risk and protective factors through which child exposure to family violence was linked to short-term and long-term outcomes.
Abstract: The study involved a prospective multigenerational (two generations) data set that involved community families with lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The study first examined the prevalence of child exposure to psychological and physical interparent violence (IPV) and parent-to-child aggression (PCA), as well as proximal associations with child externalizing and internalizing behaviors, along with social and scholastic development in early childhood and adolescence. This was followed by an examination of the developmental timing and intergenerational transmission of exposure to IPV and PCA related to child externalizing behavior. Child efforts at self-control and positive parenting as risk and protective factors were tested as mediators of links between child exposure to family violence and later child adjustment. The study found that although psychological and physical IPV and PCA in general were both associated with child externalizing and/or internalizing behavior in early childhood and adolescence in the correlational analyses, PCA was also associated with poorer social and/or scholastic competence across ages. Child exposure to higher levels of psychological and physical PCA heightened the risk for later child externalizing behavior indirectly through the mediating effects of poorer child self-control. Generally, the findings suggest that effective programs that can strengthen parent and child factors, such as parent involvement with the child, and child self-control, may help to reduce the impact of early child exposure to family violence on later child adjustment. 28 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Risk Factors
Index Term(s): Child abuse as crime factor; Child abuse as delinquency factor; Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence; Exposure to Violence; Longitudinal studies; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; Parent-Child Relations; Parental influence
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