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NCJ Number: 252687 Find in a Library
Title: Evaluating the Effect of Holistic Indigent Defense on Criminal Justice Outcomes
Author(s): James Anderson; Maya Buenaventura; Paul Heaton
Corporate Author: Rand Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: February 2019
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Rand Corporation
Washington, DC 20037
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2013-IJ-CX-0027
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This is the first large-scale, rigorous evaluation of the impact on criminal justice outcomes of holistic indigent defense, which involves a defense that addresses not only the immediate criminal charge, but also the underlying life circumstances that can contribute to the client’s contact with the criminal justice system.
Abstract: The study found that the use of holistic defenses did not affect conviction rates; however, it reduced the likelihood of a custodial sentence by 16 percent and expected sentence length by 24 percent. Over the 10-year period of this study, holistic defense in the Bronx, the site of this study, resulted in nearly 1.1 million fewer days of custodial confinement. Holistic defenses did not dramatically reduce recidivism, as some proponents have claimed. Its impact on the number and length of custodial sentences, however, suggests that it should be considered in discussions about how to address mass incarceration. Future research should examine the effects of the holistic model beyond the criminal justice system and in other jurisdictions. The Bronx in New York was selected for this study because holistic defense providers (the Bronx Defenders) and a traditional defender for indigent defendants (the Legal Aid Society) operate together in the same court system. Case assignment is determined quasi-randomly based on court shift timing. Using administrative data for just over 500,000 cases and a quasi-experimental research design, researchers estimated the causal effect of holistic defense on case outcomes and future offending. Study limitations are noted.
Main Term(s): Court research
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Defense; Defense counsel; Defense counsel effectiveness; Defense services; Incarceration; Indigent Defense; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); New York; NIJ final report; Sentencing factors
Note: See NCJ 252688 for related resources.
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