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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 252921 Find in a Library
Title: Chasing the Electronic Cigarette Dragon - Characterizing the Evolution and Impact of Design and Content
Author(s): Michelle Peace; Justin L. Poklis; Joseph Turner
Corporate Author: Virginia Commonwealth University
United States of America
Date Published: May 2019
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, VA 23211
Grant Number: 2016-DN-BX-0150
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The reported research was designed to add to information on the nature of drug use, abuse, and overdose cases in which electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) were used to deliver an illicit drug.
Abstract: Current and previous research findings by this research team are included in this report to address 1) the characteristics of new models of electronic cigarettes and popular customizations; 2) the characteristics of e-liquids purchased over the counter or the internet; and 3) development of a model for the characterization of the particle-size distribution in aerosols. The project determined that fourth-generation e-cig products have evolved to facilitate the aerosolization of drugs from products that are not liquid, but are designed for waxes, dabs, and solid plant materials. E-liquids, semi-solids, and solid materials used in e-cigs can contain dangerous DOTNs, such as synthetic cannabinoids. Evidence indicates that any drug that can be made liquid is being used in e-cigs, including natural products considered “legal highs.” The majority of the particles’ distribution for nicotine was 0.172-1.0 mm, correlating with deposition in the pulmonary region. Mean particle size of a nicotine aerosol was 0.3 mm, similar to traditional cigarettes. No statistical difference of MMAD and particle-size distribution was found between different common voltages and coil resistances. Methamphetamine and methadone e-liquids generated similar particle-size distribution to nicotine. Methodologies used to obtain these findings are described. 12 figures, 1 table, and a listing of project-related scientific papers, invited talks, and media engagements
Main Term(s): Drug use
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug paraphernalia; Drug use; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report
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