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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97221 Find in a Library
Title: Crime File: Drinking and Crime
Series: NIJ Crime Files
Corporate Author: Police Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: 1984
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20850
Police Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 84-IJ-CX-0031
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Audiovisual Sales
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20850
United States of America
Document: PDF (Study Guide)|Video (28:30)
Format: Video (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This video cassette, number 8 in the Crime File Series, considers the relationship between alcohol abuse and deviant behavior, with particular attention to driving under the influence (DUI); a panel discusses the effectiveness of legislation and treatment in reducing alcohol abuse.
Abstract: The moderator states that statistics show drinking to be involved in more deaths than guns and heroin, although he acknowledges that it is not necessarily the direct cause of these homicides. In a filmed interview, Jeanette Spencer, a correctional alcohol counselor, comments that persons under the influence of alcohol lose their faculties of judgment and conscience so that they engage in deviancy not characteristic of their personalities when they are sober. Also described are police efforts in Montgomery County, Md., to deter DUI through random roadblocks to check drivers' blood-alcohol levels. In the panel discussion, Barry Sweedler, Director of the Bureau of Safety Programs of the National Transportation Safety Board, argues that tough and certain sanctions could be effective in deterring DUI but notes that lenient arrest practices and plea bargaining soften the law's deterrent effect. Panelist Mark Moore, a professor at Harvard University, notes that States which have raised taxes on alcoholic beverages and limited its accessibility have experienced a reduction in alcohol consumption, auto fatalities, and alcohol-related diseases. Robert Niven, of the National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, argues that alcoholism and alcohol abuse can be treated, but treatment success depends upon matching a person's abuse condition with appropriate treatment methods. The panel also discusses the relationship between treatment, criminal responsibility, and punishment for the alcohol abuser, as well as public policy for dealing with public drunkenness.
Index Term(s): Alcohol-crime relationship; Alcoholic beverage consumption; Alcoholism treatment programs; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drunkenness; Legislative impact; Videotapes
Note: Videocassette (3/4 inch, Beta, and VHS), 28 minutes in length, color.
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