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NCJ Number: NCJ 105150     Find in a Library
Title: Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 7
Editor(s): M Tonry ; N Morris
Date Published: 1986
Page Count: 349
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 83-IJ-CX-0040
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Six papers review recent research on crime patterns and the efficacy of criminal justice system response to them.
Abstract: Criminal offender-victim interactions are discussed within the framework provided by criminal opportunity theory and economic theory. A meta-analysis of concurrent and longitudinal studies of family factors in juvenile delinquency shows that socialization variables, such as lack of parental supervision and parent-child involvement, are powerful predictors of juvenile behavior problems and delinquency. Also reviewed are studies of chronic juvenile offenders, juvenile to adult criminal careers, and factors influencing both juvenile and criminal court dispositions of the chronic juvenile and young adult offender. Official crime statistics, longitudinal and cross-sectional research, and self-report data are used to examine the relationship between age and criminal activity. Uniform Crime Report and National Crime Survey data are compared with respect to their findings on crime patterns and trends and victim and offender characteristics. Finally, an economic analysis of drug law enforcement efforts suggests that such effort will be more effective in curtailing the heroin than the cocaine and marijuana markets. Chapter references.
Main Term(s): Crime patterns
Index Term(s): Drug law enforcement ; Juvenile delinquent family relations ; Juvenile crime patterns ; Serious juvenile offenders ; Opportunity theory
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=105150

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