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NCJ Number: NCJ 116250     Find in a Library
Title: Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 9
Editor(s): D M Ton Gottfredson M
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 429
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 83-IJ-CX-K052
Publication Number: ISBN 0-226-80803-3
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This essay explores major classification and prediction issues, problems raised by the criminal justice application of such methods, and possible avenues for their resolution.
Abstract: The importance of classification in criminal justice research and policy is demonstrated in a historical review of classification methods. The paper examines rationales underlying the use of prediction in criminal justice systems, the validity of prediction research, and prediction as a management tool. Two applications of classification and prediction are discussed: (1) in research, evaluation, and planning and (2) in individual decisions. The paper assesses the following strategies for improving predictive classification validities: fitting methods to assumptions, measurement and scaling, outcome criteria, dealing with law base rates, and developing and applying theory. Other recommendations address extending the use of statistical design, comparative studies of classification methods, developing new variables, measuring stakes as well as risk, and reducing errors in decisions. Over 60 references.
Main Term(s): Prediction
Index Term(s): Inmate classification ; Dangerousness ; Corrections decisionmaking
Note: Crime and Justice: A Review of Research - Volume 9
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=116250

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