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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 165366   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn't, What's Promising: A Report To the United States Congress
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Author(s): Lawrence W. Sherman ; Denise Gottfredson ; Doris MacKenzie ; John Eck ; Peter Reuter ; Shawn Bushway
  Corporate Author: University of Maryland
Dept of Criminal Justice and Criminology
United States of America
  Date Published: 1997
  Page Count: 522
  Annotation: An evaluation of the effectiveness of crime prevention programs concluded that some prevention programs work and some do not and that the effectiveness of United States Department of Justice (DOJ) funding for crime prevention depends heavily on whether it is directed to the urban neighborhoods where youth violence is highly concentrated.
  Abstract: The analysis considered more than 500 program impact evaluations. Results revealed that prevention programs vary in effectiveness, that some programs are promising, and some have not been tested adequately. In addition, substantial reductions in national rates of serious crime can be achieved only by prevention in areas of concentrated poverty, where the majority of all homicides occur, and where the homicide rates are 20 times the national average. The analysis also concluded that most crime prevention results from informal and formal practices and programs located in seven institutional settings: communities, families, schools, labor markets, specific premises, police, and criminal justice. Effective crime prevention in high-violence neighborhoods may require simultaneous interventions in many local institutions. However, the current statutory plan does not allow DOJ to provide effective guidance to the country about what works to prevent crime. Nevertheless, despite the current limitations, DOJ has already provided far better guidance to State and local governments on the effectiveness of all local crime prevention efforts than was available in the past. A revised statutory plan is recommended to enhance the DOJ role. Charts, chapter reference lists, and appended methodological information
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Federal aid ; US Department of Justice ; Community crime prevention programs ; Services effectiveness ; Crime prevention planning
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Grant Number: 96-MU-MU-0019
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Office of Justice Programs Research Report. See also NCJ-171676 for an NIJ Research in Brief version of this study, and see NCJ-165368 for an overview of the study.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=165366

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