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NCJ Number: NCJ 175597     Find in a Library
Title: Is 21 Feet Enough?
Author(s): S Ribolla
  Journal: Law Enforcement Trainer  Volume:13  Issue:3  Dated:May/June 1998  Pages:10 to 12
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 3
  Annotation: Police officers must be properly trained in defensive tactics to defend themselves against a knife attack, and the first step in teaching when not to attempt to shoot an assailant with a knife is to know what the reactionary gap is for an armed response.
Abstract: Determining a sufficient reactionary gap for a police officer to successfully defend against a knife attack is crucial to police officer survival. Recognizing the success of the police officer depends on his or her distance from the attacker and reaction time, a test was conducted to determine if the 21-foot rule provided an adequate reactionary gap to draw a firearm, fire, and survive the attack. Participants included 128 law enforcement and corrections basic recruits at the George Stone Criminal Justice Training Center in Pensacola, Florida, during the 1995-1997 period. Students were placed in a square in the middle of a room and were equipped with standard duty gear, including a pistol belt, a holster, and a training firearm. They were attacked by one of two assailants 45 degrees off either front flank at distances of 3, 5, 10, 15, and 21 feet. Students were instructed to start in an interview stance; when attacked, they were to draw, fire two rounds center mass, and then move out of the way to avoid the attacker's momentum. Results showed that distance had an effect on survival. Because only 9 of the 128 students survived the attack, it was determined that drawing and firing a handgun as a defense against a knife attack before using defensive tactics was a deadly choice. 1 table, 1 chart, and 10 photographs
Main Term(s): Police defensive training
Index Term(s): Police recruits ; Assault with a deadly weapon ; Police policies and procedures ; Police recruit training ; Police safety techniques ; Correctional officer training ; Police weapons training ; Knives ; Florida
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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